3 ago 09

www.schoyencollection.com/historyBabylonian.htm

MS 1955

INTERNATIONAL JUDGEMENT MADE BEFORE INITESHSHUB, KING OF CARCHEMISH AND SHAUSHGAMUWA KING OF AMURRU WHICH WAS SENT TO AMISTAMRU II, KING OF UGARIT CONCERNInG PIDDU, THE FORMER QUEEN OF UGARIT, SISTER OF SHAUSHGAMUWA, AND FORMER WIFE OF AMISTAMRU.

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Siria y las ciudades fenicias

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PIDDU IS EXILED BUT PROTECTED FROM BEING PUT TO DEATH IN THAT AMISTAMRU CANNOT BRING HER BACK TO UGARIT FOR ANY REASON, AND SHAUSHGAMUWA IS FORBIDDEN TO ASSOCIATE WITH HER OR MAKE PLANS THAT WILL HAVE ANY IMPLICATIONS ON THE ROYAL LINE AT UGARIT

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Divinidad  ugaritica

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TRES  REYES DEL  ÁREA  SIRIO-PALESTINA y EL REY   DE  HATTI, Tudkhaliash IV (ca. 1265-1220 )

Entrance to the palace at Ugarit

The well-preserved entrace to the palace at Ugarit is testament to the sudden destruction of the city around 1200 BC (by the so-called Sea-Peoples?) and the fact that the site was never re-occupied. This presents us with a snapshot of the city at its prime. Here a flight of shallow steps lead to the entrance portico that would have been flanked by two columns. While the wooden columns have vanished, the stone bases of the columns remain. This area would have been a waiting area for those entering the main part of the palace beyond.

www.astarte.com.au/html/ugarit_3.htm

JUICIO INTERNACIONAL  ANTE INITESHSHUB,  REY de KARKEMISH Y el REY de AMURRU  SHAUSHGAMUWA ENVIADO a AMISTAMRU II, de REY de UGARIT, referente a PIDDU,  la REINA ANTERIOR de UGARIT,  HERMANA de SHAUSHGAMUWA  de Amurru  Y  ex-ESPOSA de AMISTAMRU de Ugarit.

http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/IMAGES/ugarit1.jpgEl yacimiento de Ugarit-Ras-Shamra, Siria

http://ancientneareast.tripod.com/IMAGES/ugarit1.jpgS e exilia  a  PIDDU pero  protegida contra una eventual condena a  muerte  .

AMISTAMRU, su ex-esposo, no puede traerla  de  nuevo a Ugarit  bajo  ningún  pretexto.

Y a su hermano SHAUSHGAMUWA  de Amurru  se le  prohibe asociarse  a ella o hacer planes que pudieran tener quier  implicación  en   la   sucesión  y  la línea  real  de Ugarit

Tablilla  de  arcilla  en acadio.Karkemish,Siria, 1250-1240  a.C.

MS in Akkadian on clay, Carchemish, Syria, 1250-1240 BC, 1 tablet, 8,2×10,2×3,2 cm, single column, 15+5 lines in cuneiform script, with seal impression rolled across the whole of the tablet, showing the deity Sharruma advancing left, holding a double axe and a sceptre.

Context: The present tablet is one out of 11 tablets concerning the divorce and judgement of Queen Piddu, involving 3 of the Kingdoms of the time, as well as the Hittite empire under King Tudkhaliash IV (ca. 1265-1220 BC).

Commentary: The kingdoms of Ugarit, Amurru and Carchemish at the North-east corner of the Mediterranean, were squeezed between the 3 great powers of the 13th c. BC, the Hittite empire, Assyria and Egypt.

The present tablet illustrates the tensions among the kingdoms that fills in a bit of the picture of the upheaval to come at the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron Age, leading to the fall of the Hittite empire to Assyria and the following Trojan war as described by Homer.

MS 1955/1
Published: Analecta Orientalia, 48, Roma, Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1971: Loren R. Fisher, editor, The Claremont Ras Shamra Tablets, pp. 11-21. The seal is published in Ugaritica III, p. 24.

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Poterna,Ugarit,

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/Ugarit_ras_shamra.jpg

Ugarit Postern Gate

The defensive walls surrounding Ugarit have all the hallmarks of Late Bronze Age military architecture. The walls are sloping which prevented siege engines being brought too close to the top of the wall as well as increasing the width of the wall to resist under-mining. Towers, one of which can be seen to the left, projected from the wall line to provide covering fire. The small gate, protected by this tower is a Postern Gate. These small gates could be opened and closed quickly to let troops in or out of the city without the danger of opening the larger city gate.

www.astarte.com.au/html/ugarit_3.htm

The Temple of Baal at Ugarit

Some of Ugarit’s most remarkable finds were uncovered around this temple dedicated to the chief Caananite god, Baal. These finds came in the form of temple lists and prayer books which give us an unrivalled view of how the economy and ritual of temples operated at this time. In addition the ‘prayer books’, literally religious chants, are our best evidence of the belief system of the Caananites. These song cycles, recorded on clay tablets, opens a window into the world of the Caananites (the Semitic people of Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan) who were influential in the evolution of Hebrew, and hence, Christian religions

www.astarte.com.au/html/ugarit_3.html

Exhibited: 1. The Claremont Ras Shamra Tablets, at the Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, Claremont, California, 1970-1994. 2. “Preservation for access: Originals and copies”. On the occasion of the 1st International Memory of the World Conference, organized by the Norwegian Commission for UNESCO and the National Library of Norway, at the Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, 3 June – 14 July 1996.

Filed under: ACTUALIDAD,Arqueologia,ARTÍCULOS,General,Mujeres de la Historia

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