29 dic 08

SALZBURGO, SONRISAS Y LÁGRIMAS EN LA CIUDAD AUSTRIACA  DE LA SAL Y LA MÚSICA.



La película Sonrisas y lágrimas me ha hecho volver a la Austria de mi infancia. Al fin y al cabo
me crié con mis tios en Gijón muchos años.Y el tio Federico Wazinger era austriaco.
Cuando se estrenó Sonrisas y lágrimas en Gijón fuimos toda la familia a verla y cantamos
Edelweiss, todos juntos, como tantas veces…
Es como su himno nacional.La canción de la resistencia anti-nazi

Edelweiis bendice mi tierra para siempre

Flor de nieve florece y crece

Edelweiss …¡Que bendigas mi tierra para siempre¡

 

Suena diferente  cuando se canta con austriacos, recordando lo que fue

la invasión nazi y como tenáin que hacer gimnasia los austriacos hasta en Gijón,

para mejorar la raza aria. Y como mi tía logró bajar a mi primo Federico de un barco

que le llevaba a Alemania, diciendo que era también español…¡

¡Por eso Edelweiss en casa sonaba diferente  y esta noche recuerdo otras nochebuenas

con el árbol de Navidad , cuando aun no era costumbre ponerlo en España porque se consideraba “pagano”. Y creo que mi tio era calvinista y tuvo que convertirse para casarse con mi tía.

” ¡ Que bendigas mi tierra ¡”
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/kSQffiXMUSuB0BcVJt

Os dejo la versión original de una de las canciones “Edelweiss”, interpretada por Cristopher Plummer, pero no cantada por él (le costo un gran enfado por tenerle que doblar, en las escenas musicales) y Julie Andrews, como coprotagonista.

Y la curiosidad estriba en que es la versión de la misma canción, pero cantada por Julie Andrews y el desaparecido pero encantador John Denver.

Para el que no lo sepa, la flor del “edelweiss”, es la flor nacional de Austria, aunque también como curiosidad añadida, está en España, en la zona de los Pirineos, el Parque Nacional de Ordesa y en el Monte Perdido del que es símbolo. Es una especie protegida.

 

 

                                                Maria von Trapp y su familia
http://www.memorizada.com/2007/04/28/bso-the-sound-of-music-edelweiss/
Y cuando fui a Salzburgo me compré una pequeña Edelwais enmarcada que preside mi salón.
Allí vimos parte de los escenarios de la película:

Sonrisas y lágrimas
Turistas de todo el mundo aprovechan su visita a Salzburgo para visitar las escenas de la película The Sound of Music
 
Sonrisas y lágrimas
Sonrisas y lágrimas

Basada en el ya exitoso musical “The Sound of Music” (escrito por Rogers y Hammerstein, representado en Broadway casi 1.500 veces, premiado con 6 Tony Awards y vendido como disco más de 3 millones de veces), Robert Wise produjo y dirigió la película “The Sound of Music” (Sonrisas y lágrimas).
En 1965 la película fue nominada con 10 Oscars y ganó 5 (mejor película, mejor director, mejor sonido, mejor guión y mejor adaptación musical). Para Julie Andrews, que protagonizaba la película, fue el inicio de una carrera ejemplar. Ella misma dijo una vez en una entrevista que para ella es un honor haber participado en una película que ha hecho feliz a tanta gente.
La película está basada en hechos reales: Maria von Kutschera, nacida en Viena, era aspirante al noviciado en la abadía benedictina de Nonnberg, en Salzburgo, cuando fue enviada por su abadesa como institutriz de los siete hijos del viudo barón Georg Ritter von Trapp. Poco después María se casó con el barón y a principios de los años 30 formó un coro familiar, con el que ofrecieron numerosos conciertos en Austria.
Después de la anexión  de Austria a Alemania en el año 1938, la familia se vio obligada a huir  de Austria y su única fuente de ingresos fueron sus conciertos . Esto les permitió llegar a los EEUU, donde compraron una granja en Vermont (Stowe) en 1941, que fue remodelada para acoger la Trapp Family Lodge, que hoy en día es un próspero hotel.
Turistas de todo el mundo aprovechan su visita a Salzburgo para visitar los escenarios de la película “The Sound of Music” (Sonrisas y lágrimas). Especialmente en el extranjero la película ya hace mucho que es famosa y muchos aficionados sueñan toda su vida con poder seguir en persona los pasos de María.
A veces se encuentran con la incomprensión de los salzburgueses, porque la mayoría de ellos no conocen la película, ya que lamentablemente nunca fue doblada al alemán.
Si alguien quiere comprobar la popularidad de la película fuera de Austria sólo tiene que entonar un poco de la canción ´Edelweiß´, en poco tiempo se verá rodeado de gente que coreará la famosa canción.
A continuación las localizaciones originales y las escenas correspondientes:

  • Abadía benedictina de Nonnberg: aquí Julie Andrews canta ´María´

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  • Jardines y palacio de Mirabell: María y los niños cantan ´Do-Re-Mi´
  • Plaza y fuente de la Residencia: María atraviesa la plaza de la Residencia en autobús cuando va de la abadía de Nonnberg a la villa Trapp y canta ´I have confidence in me´
  • Escuela de equitación: aquí la familia canta su canción de despedida y el barón canta “Edelweiß”
  • Cementerio de St. Peter´s: aquí se rodaron las dramáticas escenas de huida.
  • Palacio Leopoldskron: la fachada que da al lago representaba la casa del barón von Trapp en la película.
  • Glorieta Sound of Music: actualmente se encuentra en el parque del palacio de Hellbrunn, pero en la película aún estaba en el palacio de Leopoldskron. Una de las escenas más conocidas fue grabada aquí: ´I am 16 going on 17´
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  • Palacio de Frohnburg:el patio y la parte de delante sirvieron de fondo./li>
    Otras escenas fueron rodadas fuera de la ciudad, entre otras en el palacio de Anif, la fortaleza Hohenwerfen, Mondsee, Fuschl, St. Gilgen y St. Wolfgang.
  • Tours “Sonrisas y lágrimas” (en inglés)
  •  

    Puente Mozart sobre el río Salzach

     

    En la  pequeña ciudad de Mondsee, no lejos de Salzburg, está la iglesia donde se filmó la boda de  Maria y el Barón Von Trapp. En la vida real se realizó  en la iglesia del  Convento Nonnberg.

     


    Salzburgo  es la cuarta ciudad de Austria con 150.269 habitantes (2007), capital del Estado federado (Bundesland) de Salzburgo y de la región homónima, una de las cinco regiones en que se divide este Land. Su nombre oficial en alemán es Salzburg (= Ciudad  [de la] sal) , y proviene de las barcas que transportaban sal en el siglo VIII y que debían pagar un impuesto, uso muy común en muchos ríos de Europa).
    La ciudad se extiende por ambas orillas del río Salzach, a 25 km de las estribaciones septentrionales de los Alpes. El carácter montañoso del sur de la región de Salzburgo contrasta con las suaves ondulaciones de su parte norte. La cima alpina más cercana es el Untersberg (1.853 m) que se encuentra a tan sólo unos pocos kilómetros al sudoeste de la la ciudad. El centro de la ciudad está rodeado por dos elevaciones pétreas, el Mönchsberg y el Kapuzinerberg, cuyos bosques constituyen el pulmón verde de la ciudad.
    Archivo:SalzburgerAltstadt02.JPG

    Sinopsis general

    El casco antiguo de la ciudad, Die Altstadt, es uno de los centros históricos mejor conservados en los países de lengua alemana y está considerado por la UNESCO desde 1997 como “Patrimonio de la Humanidad“. El centro histórico aparece dominado por las torres de sus iglesias, sus fortalezas medievales y, sobre todo, por la mole masiva de la Fortaleza Hohensalzburg, edificada en 1077 por orden del arzobispo Gebhard von Helffenstein con sillería de piedra blanca y grandes torreones; ampliada y reforzada varias veces con nuevas torres, bastiones, muros y trincheras hasta el siglo XVII.
    Archivo:Salzburg panorama.jpg
    Vista de Salzburgo desde la fortaleza

    Edades Antigua y Media [editar]
    Se han encontrado trazas de establecimientos que datan de tiempos muy antiguos, particularmente, en la colina de Rainberg existen indicios de una ocupación continuada desde el Neolítico hasta la conquista romana en tiempos del emperador Augusto. En la colina del castillo y en el Kapuzinerberg se han descubierto restos de fortificaciones de lo que en la Edad de Hierro fue con toda probabilidad el centro más importante del pueblo celta de los ambisontii.
    Los romanos agruparon las pequeñas comunidades agrícolas en una única urbe, Juvavum, en el año 15 a.C.. Es probable que el nombre no provenga de una divinidad romana, sino que fuese la adaptación de un anterior nombre celta (Iuvavo). La urbe se convirtió en municipium en el año 45 dC bajo el emperador Claudio (Municipium Claudium Juvavum), llegando a ser uno de los más importantes de la provincia de Noricum. El declive de Juvavum después del colapso de la frontera de Noricum fue muy rápido, de tal forma que en el siglo VII se había convertido en una “ruina total”.
    Hacia el año 700 San Ruperto fundó una población en el solar del antiguo Iuvavum romano, ubicado sobre grandes minas de sal, a las cuales debe su nombre la ciudad, que se convirtió en el año 739 en sede de un obispado y en el 798, con Arno en sede de un arzobispado.
    Fue gobernado por un Príncipe-Arzobispo hasta principios del siglo XIX. Su último Príncipe-Arzobispo fue Hieronymus von Colloredo.

    Archivo:SalzburgerAltstadt01.JPG
     

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, nacido en Salzburgo el 26 de enero de 1756, aunque principalmente es conocido por su trabajo en Viena, también desempeño aquí su trabajo de compositor, bajo las órdenes del Arzobispo de Salzburgo.
  •  

  • Leopold Mozart, padre del anteriormente mencionado Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, es principalmente conocido por la ayuda que prestó a su ilustre hijo en varias etapas de su vida. También compuso la muy popular Sinfonía de los Juguetes.
  • Herbert von Karajan
  • Georg Trakl
  • Thomas Bernhard
  • Christian Doppler
  • Paul Hofhaimer
  • Hans Makart
  • Joseph Messner
  • Sigismund von Neukomen
  • Bartholomäeus Riedl
  • Mönch von Salzburg
  • Paracelso, aunque nació en Suiza residió gran parte de su vida en Salzburgo.
  • Johann Stadlmann
  • Información de Wipipedia
  •  


    94 year old Maria von Trapp, daughter of Austrian Baron Georg von Trapp,
    during an interview with Reuters in her former home,
    Villa Trapp, in Salzburg July 24, 2008.
    REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger (AUSTRIA)

    Maria von Trapp returns to
    “Sound of Music” home


    Maria von Trapp, daughter of Austrian Baron Georg von Trapp,
    stands in the entrance hall of her former home,
    Villa Trapp, in Salzburg July 24, 2008.
    REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger

     

    By Karin Strohecker

     

    SALZBURG, Austria (Reuters) – Maria von Trapp has taken a trip down memory lane to see her old family home just before it opens as a new hotel.

     

    Staying in the house for the first time since the von Trapps fled the Nazi regime in the late 1930s has been a deeply moving experience for the second-eldest daughter of Baron von Trapp, whose story was made famous by the “Sound of Music” film.

     

    “Our whole life is in here, in this house,” the 94-year-old told Reuters in an interview. “Especially here in the stairwell, where we always used to slide down the railings.”

     

    Von Trapp smiles as she recalls the memory of her and her six siblings clambering and playing in the villa in the leafy suburbs of Salzburg in Austria and spending nights in hammocks in the park surrounding the family home.

     

    “My youngest sister built herself a tree house. Of course, then we all had to have one as well, we loved to climb the trees,” she said.

     

    Following the death of Baron von Trapp’s first wife, aspiring nun Maria Kutschera joined the family to teach the children, fell in love with the baron and married him in 1927.

     

    The family always sang and played instruments together, and having lost all their fortune in 1935 in the throes of the world economic crisis, their musical talent proved a saviour.

     

    An opera singer heard the children sing in the park and entered them for a competition. Soon the von Trapps started to tour Europe and the United States as a family choir

    “We sang a lot and we sang all the time. We didn’t even want to go for a walk alone, because we wanted to sing all the time together,” recalls von Trapp.

     

    “My father played the violin and the accordion, and I adored him – I wanted to learn all the instruments that he played,” said von Trapp, who still plays the accordion.

     

    SALZBURG SAUSAGES

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Maria von Trapp, daughter of Austrian Baron Georg von Trapp,
    plays a guitar and sings with traditionally dressed children
    in front of her former home, Villa Trapp, in Salzburg July 24, 2008.
    REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger
    For Baron von Trapp, a staunch Austrian patriot and opponent of Adolf Hitler, his singing family also provided the escape ticket from the Nazi regime. The family did not return from a concert tour in the United States in the late 1930s.
     
     
    “Without the singing, we would have never made it to the United States,” said von Trapp.
     
    While The Sound of Music, one of the most successful films ever made, produced a series of well-loved musical hits like “Edelweiss” or “Sixteen going on 17″, the family took exception to the way they were portrayed.
     
    Julie Andrews starred as the aspiring nun Maria in the 1965 film, while Christopher Plummer played Baron von Trapp, who was depicted as a strict patriarch, obsessed with discipline.  “We were all pretty shocked at how they portrayed our father, he was so completely different. He always looked after us a lot, especially after our mother died,” von Trapp said. “You have to separate yourself from all that, and you have to get used to it. It is something you simply cannot avoid.”
    Her stepmother Maria had another three children with Baron von Trapp, and the family settled on a farm in Vermont in 1942.
     

    The villa in Salzburg was taken over by Nazi security chief Heinrich Himmler, who used it as a home close to the Austrian Alps until 1945. After the war, a missionary order took over the home, agreeing to relinquish it for use as a hotel eventually.

     

    For Maria von Trapp, who flew in from the United States to join the opening celebrations of the hotel on Friday, Salzburg will also mean satisfying a long-awaited culinary treat.

     

    “Today I will eat sausages — this is what I did as a child. Sausages in Salzburg are simply fantastic.”

                                          

     


    Georg & Maria von Trapp

     

    *An older article on the History of the von Trapp Family Home, now Villa von Trapp

    The Sound of Music” ends on a happy note, with the brave von Trapps scaling the Alps toward freedom. The outcome was not immediately quite so fortunate, however, for the famous house they left behind.

    When Georg von Trapp — a monarchist, or believer in the old Hapsburg empire, and therefore a staunch opponent of union with Germany — decided to flee Austria in 1938 with his new wife, Maria, and seven children, he arranged for the Villa von Trapp to be sold to the Missionaries of the Precious Blood. This Catholic community for men was founded in Italy, then spread to Austria and Germany, and today has missions in the United States and Brazil as well.

    The Nazis had other plans. In 1939 the Villa von Trapp became a headquarters for the infamous Heinrich Himmler, Reichsfuhrer and head of the SS storm troopers, Himmler, more than any single member of the Third Reich, was responsible for Hitler’s reign of terror inside Germany and its occupied territories, as well as being one of the architects of the “Final Solution,” the Nazi program for exterminating the Jews.

    Himmler’s motives for choosing the Villa von Trapp are unclear. It was he, however, who built the while wall that now surrounds the property. A servant who worked in the villa before, during and after Himmler’s time lived to tell the tale to its present owners. Himmler conscripted slave labor to build the wall, and then — perhaps fearing security breaches — had all of the laborers shot.

    After the war, the American military commanders who occupied the Salzburg region returned ownership of the property to the von Trapp family, who again transferred it in 1948 to the Missionaries of the Precious Blood. The community today uses the building for provincial offices and as quarters for the Kolleg St. Josef, a facility for seminarians. The chapel, upstairs where the von Trapp children would have practiced their singing, boasts an impressive series of stained-glass windows depicting Christ’s blood dissolving the cross.

    How does all the history affect the people who live in the Villa von Trapp today? “What Himmler did here is a heavy weight on the house,” said Precious Blood Fr. Andreas Hasenburger, the rector of the Kolleg St. Josef. “But we are also proud to live in the von Trapp house, the house of the man who said no to the Fuhrer.”

    And how about the movie that made the house famous, at least in America? “I asked Maria von Trapp this question last summer when she was here,” Hasenburger said. “She said that the movie was a wonderful story, but it was not their story.”

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    FAMILY HERO:
    GEORG RITTER VON TRAPP


    by Gardiner from Waitsfield


    Georg von Trapp

    Deep in the Adriatic, a small U-5 boat maneuvered through the dark, cold sea. It was one of earliest submarines, still in the experimental stages, unwieldy and unsafe. Exhaust gasses swept through the boat causing the crew to get sick. The periscope could not be raised or lowered, so the boat had to move up and down in order to use it.

    In command of this submarine was Linienschiffsleutnant (Lieutenant Commander) George Ritter von Trapp with his international crew of Slovaks, Poles, Magyars, Austrians, Croats, Czechs, and Italians. He patrolled the Mediterranean waters. Then, someone spotted the menacing French cruiser Leon Gambetta. Von Trapp gave the order to load the torpedo bays as the crew scrambled in the tiny boat. All was silent.

    “Fire one,” bellowed von Trapp.

    A direct hit. The majestic ship was crippled. The 12,500 ton vessel foundered, then sank under the blue-black waves with its entire crew of 680 men. This was a victory for the Austro-Hungarian empire.

    Lieutenant Commander von Trapp used his courage and quick wit to command the submarine and gained great honor defending his country.

    Captain von Trapp had been born and brought up on the seashore, hearing stories of his father’s days in the Navy, and it was one of his passions to be near the ocean. Later on, he earned his first decoration fighting in China during the Boxer Rebellion. He always showed much courage and cunning when he fought.

    Captain von Trapp was always interested in submarine warfare because of his love of the sea. Later on, he successfully applied to be transferred to Fiume where most of the newly invented torpedoes were being manufactured, a move that would affect the course of his life.

    While he was in Fiume, he was offered command of one of the first submarines that the Austrian Navy put into service. The submarine was christened before it was officially put into service and the woman who christened it was Agathe Whitehead, granddaughter of Robert Whitehead, inventor of the torpedo and owner of the torpedo factory. When the submarine was christened, Captain von Trapp’s heart was captured by Agathe. Before long, they were married.

    When The Great War broke out, Captain von Trapp went into action. He patrolled the Adriatic Sea and crippled many enemy ships. After sinking the Leon Gambetta, he sank the Italian troop transport ship Principe Umberto, drowning 2,000 soldiers. Later on, he switched to a U-14 submarine that was captured from the French in 1915. With this submarine he sank the largest enemy merchant ship, Milazzo, a 11,480 ton Italian transporter ship.

    Many times, Captain von Trapp took initiative at the risk of his own life, sometimes even against orders. He soon earned the rarest decoration Austria can give, the cross of Empress Maria Theresia. It is the highest award an Austrian officer can receive in a time of war. He was also granted the title of Baron.

    Deep in the Adriatic, a small U-5 boat maneuvered through the dark, cold sea. It was one of earliest submarines, still in the experimental stages, unwieldy and unsafe. Exhaust gasses swept through the boat causing the crew to get sick. The periscope could not be raised or lowered, so the boat had to move up and down in order to use it.

    In command of this submarine was Linienschiffsleutnant (Lieutenant Commander) George Ritter von Trapp with his international crew of Slovaks, Poles, Magyars, Austrians, Croats, Czechs, and Italians. He patrolled the Mediterranean waters. Then, someone spotted the menacing French cruiser Leon Gambetta. Von Trapp gave the order to load the torpedo bays as the crew scrambled in the tiny boat. All was silent.

    Soon, the Great War was over, and Austria had been defeated. It was stripped of its entire sea coast and the Imperial Navy was no more. Captain von Trapp was without his beloved ship.

    The only other thing he loved as much as his ship was his wife Agathe, but a sudden epidemic of scarlet fever in 1922 killed her. This was a very sad time for Captain von Trapp, of whom his second wife, Maria, later wrote that “half his life had died with the Navy. Of the other half, most seemed to be buried with Agathe”(von Trapp, 1957). Yet, he continued to be a good father to his children.

    When in 1918, he returned from the war, his children were overjoyed to see him. One of the memories is of Captain von Trapp playing Indians with the children in the garden. “I remember he tied my oldest brother to a tree…He was really a father. And he was always with us. He took us on trips to the woods and showed us how to make fire without matches. He made us beads for our dolls. We were in his study all day long playing house, turning the whole thing upside down.” Captain von Trapp took on the difficult task of raising a family alone, and did so with courage and patience. He raised his children to be musically inclined. When one of his daughters fell ill, he hired a nun from a local convent to nurse her. Maria Kutscher continued the children’s musical education and taught the children to sing as a chorus. She and Georg von Trapp fell in love and married in 1927.

    When the banks in Europe crashed, in 1932, the von Trapps lost most of their money. The children needed to take on jobs in order to contribute to the family income. They did not mind having to work, but it put the family in a bad position when, in 1938, Hitler’s storm troopers marched across the Austrian border and claimed the land as Nazi territory. For many of the upper-class militaristic Austrians, Hitler’s coming was welcomed, but for Captain von Trapp it was a nightmare. One family member writes: “We were very much aware of Hitler and what he was doing in Germany. And my father was horrified. Hitler was full of promises, but in Germany he already had killed Jews and Christians and anybody who challenged his word. He played God” (von Trapp, 1999).

    Three times, Captain von Trapp refused to adhere to the orders and invitations of the Nazis. The Gestapo ordered Captain von Trapp to hang a swastika flag from their window for Hitler’s visit to Salzburg. The Captain responded by saying, “I can do a better job with one of my Persian carpets”(von Trapp, 1999). And when Captain von Trapp refused an invitation to join the Nazis and establish a submarine base on the Adriatic, the anti-Nazi sentiments of the Trapp family became clear. Refusing the command of the submarine base and possibly Captain von Trapp’s own submarine again was truly a heroic act. Submarine life and the ocean were what Captain von Trapp grew up on; they were his passion, but he put aside his love of commandeering ships in order to resist the evil of Hitler; a truly heroic act.

    The trouble in Austria escalated, and the family was unable to leave because of the lack of money. They found that they could earn money by performing songs and eagerly accepted an invitation from the Chancellor in Vienna. This performance brought them fame, and soon they were receiving invitations to sing all over Europe. Even Adolph Hitler asked the family to sing at his birthday party, but Captain von Trapp turned down the offer. Soon, an offer to give a series of concerts in America arrived, and von Trapp saw this as an opportunity to escape the troubles in Austria.

    George von Trapp gathered his family together and told them that they would have to decide whether to stay in Austria, or go to America for good. They chose to go to America. The only thing left was to devise a plan for sneaking past the Nazi border guards.

    Dressed as if for a one-day hiking trip, with only small backpacks, Captain von Trapp, his new wife, Maria, and the children went to the local train station and boarded the train to Salzburg. In the Salzburg station, they passed through a forest of red, white and black Nazi swastika banners. Then they boarded a train to Italy (they had joint citizenship of Austria and Italy thanks to alliances of the former Austro-Hungarian empire). As soon as they arrived in Italy, Captain von Trapp wired the Charles L. Wagner concert agency in New York for ship passage.

    I believe Captain von Trapp to be a true hero. He displayed courage and cunning as a submarine captain in the Great War. He showed courage as a father and as a pioneer leading them into a new land, leaving everything he ever worked for and knew behind. He showed compassion to his children by being a father who loved and nurtured them. He showed extreme courage again when he refused the power of the Nazis. Captain von Trapp proved to be virtuous in seeing the evil in Hitler. He wasn’t tempted to seek power and glory with whatever political regime was in power at the time: he searched for the glory of a nobler and more permanent kind.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Meet the Von Trapp Children



    Justin, Amanda, Melanie and Sofia Von Trapp,
    known as JAMS.
    They are the great grandchildren of
    Captain and Maria Von Trapp
    JAMS have performed all over the world

    Read Full Articles & See all Photographs on
    AndreRieuFans.com

    María Trapp (2001)

     

    María Kutschera nació en Austria en 1905. Anonadada por la locuacidad de un jesuita, tornó devota e ingresó en un convento, donde su salud comenzó a resentirse por la falta de ejercicio y de aire libre. (María practicaba mucho deporte de exterior).

    Georg von Trapp, un acaudalado aristócrata austriaco, capitán de la marina jubilado, viudo (su esposa falleció por escarlatina) buscaba una profesora para su hija mayor, aquejada de malignas fiebres reumáticas.

     

    El mando del convento envió a María, en principio por un periodo de 10 meses. Pero María pasó a ser una más de la familia, casándose con el capitán en 1927.

    En 1932, debido a los efectos que tuvo en Europa la Gran Depresión, perdieron su fortuna. María decidió sacar rendimiento pecuniario al pasatiempo familiar, el canto. Con determinación y firme pulso lanzó a la familia a una carrera musical.

    Tras la anexión de Austria por Alemania en 1938, la familia estimó conveniente viajar a los Estados Unidos y realizar allí una tourneé. En poco tiempo consiguieron reconocimiento y éxito.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Read Full Articles & See all Photographs on
    AndreRieuFans.com

    María Trapp (2001)

     

    María Kutschera nació en Austria en 1905. Anonadada por la locuacidad de un jesuita, tornó devota e ingresó en un convento, donde su salud comenzó a resentirse por la falta de ejercicio y de aire libre. (María practicaba mucho deporte de exterior).

    Georg von Trapp, un acaudalado aristócrata austriaco, capitán de la marina jubilado, viudo (su esposa falleció por escarlatina) buscaba una profesora para su hija mayor, aquejada de malignas fiebres reumáticas.

     

    El mando del convento envió a María, en principio por un periodo de 10 meses. Pero María pasó a ser una más de la familia, casándose con el capitán en 1927.

    En 1932, debido a los efectos que tuvo en Europa la Gran Depresión, perdieron su fortuna. María decidió sacar rendimiento pecuniario al pasatiempo familiar, el canto. Con determinación y firme pulso lanzó a la familia a una carrera musical.

    Tras la anexión de Austria por Alemania en 1938, la familia estimó conveniente viajar a los Estados Unidos y realizar allí una tourneé. En poco tiempo consiguieron reconocimiento y éxito.

     

    TRAPP FAMYLY LODGEEn 1942 se instalaron en Vermont, donde fundaron un campamento musical que hoy perdura como establecimiento hotelero con el nombre de
    Trapp Family Lodge

    A little of Austria…A lot of Vermont

    Georg falleció en 1947.

     

     

    En 1955 decidieron dejar las giras, cuando el grupo lo formaban miembros que ya no eran de la familia. Maria murió en 1987.

    Se realizaron tres películas basadas en sus peripecias. En “The Sound of Music” (1965), Julie Andrews, en el papel de María, explica a los infantes el funcionamiento de las notas musicales:

     

    Do, es trato de varón
    Re, selvático animal
    Mi, denota posesión
    Fa, es lejos en inglés
    Sol, ardiente esfera es
    La, al nombre es anterior
    , asentimiento es
    Y otra vez ya viene el Do

     

    eorg Ritter von Trapp (April 4, 1880 – May 30, 1947) headed the famous Austrian singing family that has been semi-fictionalized and memorialized in the musical The Sound of Music. His exploits at sea in World War I earned him numerous decorations, including the honor of adding “von” to his name. He had many ties to Istria and Rijeka (Fiume).

     
     
    Tombstone of August von Trapp in “K.u.K. Marinefriedhof” (Austrian Naval Cemetery), Pola, Istria. Source

    Early Life and Naval Career

    Georg von Trapp was born in Zara (now Zadar), Dalmatia, then part of Austria-Hungary (now Croatia) on April 4, 1880. His father, August Ritter von Trapp (1836-1884)  a Commandant in the Austrian Navy, died when he Georg was four. He is buried in the Austrian Naval Cemetery in Pola (now Pula). In 1894, Georg followed his father’s career into the Navy, entering the Naval Academy at Fiume (now Rijeka). He graduated four years later and completed two years of follow-up training voyages including a trip to Australia. In 1900 he was assigned to the armored cruiser Kaiserin und Königin Maria Theresia and was decorated for his performance during the Boxer Rebellion. In 1902, he passed the officer’s examination.

    Von Trapp, the younger, was fascinated by submarines and was determined to join the new and still very hazardous submarine service. In 1908 he seized the opportunity to be transferred to the newly-formed U-boot-Waffe. Von Trapp He went to Fiume where innovations were being made in submarine and torpedo technology at Whitehead and Co. Promoted to Lieutenant Commander, he was later offered command of one of the earliest submarines in the Imperial and Royal Navy, the SMU-6. It was at the christening of that U-boat in 1910 that he met Lady Agathe Whitehead (born in 1890), the granddaughter of Robert Whitehead, the inventor of the torpedo and manufacturer also of submarines, and it was Agathe who christened von Trapp’s new U-boat. The two became acquainted at a ball, a case of “love at first sight”, and had a high society wedding on March 1, 1912. (Their first child was already born!)

    Von Trapp commanded the SMU-6 until 1913.

     

    It was said of Georg that he had two great loves in his life: the sea and Agathe. Sadly, though he proved himself to be a masterful sailor and a devoted husband, he was destined to lose both loves. Still, his years of marriage were happy ones, blessed with seven children: Rupert, Agathe (born in Pola), Maria, Werner, Hedwig, Johanna, and Martina. Both Georg and Agathe came from privileged families, and the von Trapps were able to live comfortably off the interest from Whitehead’s inheritance. The family moved to Pola [when?] and built a “costly villa, overlooking the blue sea, and they were very happy”. When World War I broke out, all civilians had to leave Pola, and the young wife took the children to live in Austria proper.

    World War I – Submarines in the Mediterranean

    Lschlt Trapp auf dem

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Lschlt Trapp auf dem Turm von SMU 5

    At the beginning of 1915, the already famous SMU-21 (Kptlt. Otto Hersing) after refueling at the Adriatic Austrian port of Pola was sent to the Dardanelles to assist in Turkey’s defence. Hersing, who had shown so dramatically the U-boats worth as a weapon with the sinking of HMS Pathfinder, again proved to be an extremely skilled commander with spectacular success: On May 25, 1915 SMU-21 sank the battleship HMS Triumph and two days later, the unfortunate British lost another battleship to Hersing, when he sank HMS Majestic. On June 5, 1915, the triumphant SMU-21 reached Constantinople harbour showing the false number U-51 to confuse the spies ashore. For his achievements, Hersing was awarded the Pour le mérite. Following this spectacular start of the campaign was an increased U-boat presence in the Mediterranean, with flotillas being built up at Constantinople, Pola and Cattaro.

    They were assisted by the small but exquisite Austrian submarine force operating from Pola. On April 22, 1915, Kptlt. Trapp took command of SMU-5, a very early and primitive submarine, with a crew that was made up of men from all corners of the empire: Austrians, Magyars, Poles, Italians, Czechs and Croats.

    The Austrians had already demonstrated their combat readiness when, on the night of April 26-27, 1915 at the mouth of the Adriatic (in the Strait of Otranto in the northern Ionian Sea), the SMU-5 hit the French armoured cruiser Léon Gambetta (12,500 tons) with two torpedoes. It was the first time that a submarine attacked while submerged at night. The French cruiser was sunk within 10 (or 20?) minutes, 684 (or 648?) of its crew of 821 (?) drowned, 137 (?) survived. French cruisers were then withdrawn from Otranto blockade. [note conflicting information + the numbers don't add up]

    SMU-5 with Commander Georg Ritter von Trapp

    Later, still at the helm of SMU-5, Captain von Trapp sank the Italian troop transport Principe Umberto which was carrying 2,000 Italian soldiers. On August 5, 1915, the SMU-5 very narrowly escaped its own destruction in a torpedo duel with the Italian submarine Nereide off the Adriatic island of Pelagosa. The Italians fired first but missed, and then a more carefully aimed Austrian torpedo hit its mark, sinking the Italian submarine with all of its crew.

    On August 15, 1915, The SMU-5 captured the Greek steamship Celafonia off Durazzo. (The SMU-5 itself was mined and sunk on May 16-17, 1917, then salvaged on May 19-24. On June 28, it was raised (?) in the Fasana Channel off Pola.)

    German U-boats in Cattaro (now Kotor)

    On October 14, 1915, von Trapp transferred to the SMU-14, formerly known at the French submarine Curie. Completed in 1913 the submarine was sunk by gunfire at Pola on Dec 20, 1914. Raised on Jan 31, 1915, it was renamed SMU-14 on Feb 7, 1915, and commissioned on June 1, 1915 to von Trapp. Lawrence Sondhaus (The Naval Policy of Austria-Hungary 1867-1918, Purdue Univ. Press, 1994) states on page 268:  “Lieutenant Trapp received command of the new prize later in 1915, but from the start he lamented its engineering flaws, speculating that his grandmother could have designed a better submarine.” Further work on her was necessary until Feb 1917.

    During Aug 1917, under von Trapp, the SMU-14 claimed 24,800 tons including the Italian steamer Milazzo (11,480 tons), the largest merchant ship sunk by the Kriegsmarine. After the war the SMU-15 was returned to French Navy and on July 17, 1919 became Curie again. It was in service until 1929; b/u 1930.

     
     

    In May 1918, von Trapp he was promoted to Korvettenkapitän (Lieutenant Commander) by Emperor Franz Josef I and given command of the submarine base in the Gulf of Cattaro. His record, however, stood as the most successful Austrian submarine commander of World War I having completed 19 war patrols and sinking 12 cargo vessels, one French cruiser and one Italian submarine for a total of 58,494 tons of enemy shipping destroyed.

    Agathe Whitehead and Georg von Trapp with five of their seven children (c. 1918?)
     

    Although often forgotten compared to the larger German U-boat fleet, the small Austrian submarine force proved to be a true elite with an outstanding record: They conducted 79 torpedo attacks with a hit rate of above 90%.For his role in this Captain Georg von Trapp was awarded the rare and prestigious Knight’s Cross of the Order of Maria Theresa.

    At the end of the war though, SMU-14, along with the rest of Austria-Hungary’s Navy, had to be handed over to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (created on December 1, 1918; replaced in 1929 by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), and the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Navy ceased to exist.

    At the end of World War I, von Trapp’s wartime record stood at 19 war patrols, 12 cargo vessels totalling 45,669 tons sunk, the French armored cruiser Leon Gambetta (12,600 tons) and the Italian submarine Nereide (225 tons). Among other lesser honors, he received a knighthood and the Knight’s Cross of the Order of Maria Theresia. (His title is sometimes translated as “Baron,” but Ritter is closer to the British “Sir.”)

    Decorations / Dekorationen:

    • Ritterkreuz Militär-Maria Theresien Orden; Promotion 21.4.1924
    • Ritterkreuz Leopold-Orden
    • Orden der eisernen Krone 3.Kl
    • Militärverdienstmedaille 3.Kl
    • Silberne Tapferkeitsmedaille für Offiziere
    • Bronzene signum laudis
    • Silberne Tapferkeitsmedaille 2.Kl
    • Karl Truppenkreuz
    • Militärverdienstkreuz 3.Kl
    • Jubiläums-Erinnerungsmedaille
    • Militär-Jubiläums Kreuz
    • Deutsches Eisernes Kreuz 1.Kl und 2.Kl
    • Russischen Stanislaus-Orden 3.Kl
    • Ottomanische Goldene Liakat Medaille

     Jahrgangsabzeichen Jahrgang ’Ritter von Trapp’.

    [Translate the following and remove any redundant text]:

    Jahrgangsabzeichen Jahrgang ’Ritter von Trapp’. Jahrgangsabzeichen Jahrgang ’Ritter von Trapp’.

    Das blaue Abzeichen ist golden umrandet darauf der Jahrgangsname, unmittelbar darunter befindet sich die Kaiserkrone und das Abzeichen der U-Bootwaffe der K.U.K. Kriegsmarine: Der mit dem Tau umschlungene Anker und die Buchstaben “U” und “B”. den Abschluss bilden der Militär Maria Theresienorden und der Wahlspruch der Militärakademie: Treu bis in den Tod.

    K.& k. Korvettenkapitän Georg Ritter von Trapp wurde am 4. April 1880 in Zadar geboren und starb am 30. Mai 1947 in Stowe-Vermount. Als k. & k. Linienschiffsleutnant und U-Bootkommandant wurde er für die Versenkung eines französischen Panzerkreuzers mit dem Militär-Maria-Theresien-Orden ausgezeichnet. Nach dem frühen Tod seiner ersten Gattin vermählte er sich ein zweites Mal, gründete mit seiner Gattin und den neun Kindern eine Gesangsgruppe und wurde damit legendär.]

    [add images of his medal(s)]

    Life between the world wars

    When World War I broke out, all civilians had to leave Pola and von Trapp took his young wife and children and moved to Austria. Despite Ritter von Trapp’s valor, Austria-Hungary was defeated in World War I and the empire collapsed. Stripped of its entire sea coast,  Austria no longer required a Navy, and the Captain lost his profession.

    This devastated von Trapp, a man who had thrived on his naval career. Further tragedy came in 1922, four years after the war, when an epidemic of scarlet fever killed his wife Agathe.

    Von Trapp was inconsolable. According to Johannes von Trapp, his father was as devastated by the end of his naval career as by the loss of his wife: “My father’s life was the navy.” explained Johannes, “He was uncomfortable doing anything else. He was simply lost.”

    He began raising his family alone. After the loss of their mother, the children had an endless parade of governesses. One would be hired for the older children, one for the younger, and one to run the household. But the children wanted to have just one governess.

     
    Circa 1925, the family moved to this villa outside of Salzburg

    When one of his daughters fell ill with the same scarlet  [or rheumatic?] fever that had killed Agathe, he hired a novice from a local convent, Maria Augusta Kutschera, to nurse her.

    Prior to Maria’s arrival at the von Trapp home, the family had always shared a love of music  They often sang three-part harmony lieder together, and had been introduced to madrigals and other complex music. Encouraged by the Captain, they sang all the time, and he often accompanied them on guitar, mandolin, and violin.  Maria Kutschera, joined in the children’s musical education, and with the help of Father Franz Wasner, a local priest who became the family’s chaplain, she made their voices smoother and more sophisticated.

    She and Georg were married on November 26,1927, and Maria would bear the Ritter three more children (two girls and one boy). The first child, Rosmarie, was born two years after their marriage.

       

    When Captain von Trapp lost his fortune after the Austrian national bank folded in 1933, the children had to learn how to work, doing laundry and other household chores. They looked at their misfortune as an adventure, but their father was hit hard by the loss. At that point, he had nine children to support, and no money. When the von Trapps began to earn money by singing in public, the Captain faced another conundrum. For a man in his position, earning a living on stage was considered dèclassè. But they had little choice. As the head of the family, the Captain would come out and introduce the group after they had performed a few numbers, and then at the end of the show he would come back out and take a bow.

    Maria, along with Father Wasner, a neighborhood Priest, brought a sophistication to the family’s singing, but according to Johannes, the Captain’s naval stature helped the family forge their careers. Even before they began singing the Captain was very well known, and his name lent a certain air of importance to their group. When they were performing in Austria, prior to World War II, most of the “children” were already young adults. As for the folk costumes they wore, Maria von Trapp mentiones in her autobiography that people returned to traditional wear after World War I because of a clothing shortage.

    Summer Residence – the Erljof

    The Erlhof was built around the year 1050.  It is one of oldest settlements on Lake Zell am See.  In the Salzburg archives, Erlhof is first mentioned in 1137. On  November 8, 1151 the Burggraf Hartnid bequeathed the lake-side estate to the Monastery of St. Peter after the death of his beloved wife.

    • 1648 1648 - Purchased by Christof Freiherr von Khuen – Belasy
    • 1692 – Georg Dietrich Khuen – Belasy.
    • 1712 – Vinzenz Auer.
    • 1741 – Ruep Scheiber.
    • 1782 – Johann Herzog.
    • 1902 – Agathe Whitehead, née Grafin Breuner, inherits the estate. Rittmeister Georg von Trapp marries a Whitehead daughter and so came the famous von Trapp singing family to Thumersbach / Erlhof, where they maintained a summer holiday residence until 1935.
    • 1974 – the estate has been owned by Hans Michel Piëch.
    • 1976 – after extensive renovations, the Erlhof was rebuilt into a modern yet traditional country hotel.

    Istrian Holiday

    In Chapter 8 of Maria’s book (“Uncle Peter and his Handbook”), she describes a trip taken by the von Trapp family, together with the Captain’s cousin, Peter, and his family. They bicycled from Salzburg, through the Alps, and all the way to Pola. From the evidence given in the book, it seems to have been around 1931. She writes: “There were not many cars on the highways at that time, and the country through which we cycled was so unearthly beautiful — we had a wonderful, wonderful time.” They had sent the luggage ahead to Pola; she writes, “Pola, situated on the southernmost point of the Istrian peninsula, was the former Austrian Naval Base, which is now Italian, and the island (their destination) was a few miles offshore.”

    They made it to Pola in five days’ time: “there, eating the most delicious fried fish and drinking the dark native wine, we sat together until deep into the night, telling of our adventures.”

    They set out for the island of Veruda: “The island had no pier; one had to wade ashore. … Veruda is one of the many small islands off the shore of Istria and Dalmatia, which on one side emerges gently out of the sea, rises gradually up to about 150 or 200 feet, and ends abruptly on the other side in a steep cliff. In an hour one could walk around it. The sea had eaten deep into its shoreline, forming many little bays as big as a large room. One part of the island, about fifty acres, was covered with dense pine groves. The rest was fields and pastures. Franciscan Fathers had once owned this beautiful spot. On the highest point of the island the ruins of the church and the convent were still standing. The monks had planted a garden with medicinal herbs. Long after the Fathers had been driven out by Napoleon, the herbs had spread all over the land, and during the hot summer nights they exhaled the most wonderful fragrance, which one could smell for miles and miles out at sea: thyme and lavender, dill and sage, mint and sweet geranium and rosemary, and many more which we couldn’t name. The old walls were overgrown with honeysuckle, wild roses, oleander, and laurel. A walk through this little paradise in the full moonlight was unearthly beautiful.

    “Georg (the Captain) had known Veruda since his boyhood days. He had been born in Zara, half-way down the Dalmatian coast, into a family of an Austrian Navy officer. They had lived in Trieste awhile and, until 1918, in Pola. He also knew Signor Pauletta, who owned a hardware store in Pola before the war. Afterwards (Signor Pauletta) had acquired Veruda and retired there. He had fixed himself a couple of rooms in the old monastery, and there he lived now, as his island’s only inhabitant, very contentedly on the fish he caught and vegetables he planted, needing next to no money. Very rarely he went “downtown”, which meant Pola. He had invited us to camp on Veruda, and now – here we were.”

    When Signor Pauletta, who owned “a couple of pots and pans, a Sunday suit, and fishing tackle” saw the familes come ashore, laden with all sorts of modern and sophisticated camping gear and luggage, he clucked his tongue many times and said “Varra, varra!” which, Maria explains, means “What do you know about that!”.

    The chapter ends with her calling Veruda “that hidden pearl of the sea.” [There is nothing in this book about their going to Lussin, though, as remembered from personal accounts by some of our Lussignani.]

    Turning Points

    When the economy crashed in 1932 (the European side of the Great Depression), the von Trapps lost most of their money. They began singing as a way to raise some money. They performance at the Salzburg Music Festival in 1935 (or 1936) won them first prize in a choral competition, and thus were invited to give concert tours throughout Europe: Frankrijk, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, Sweden and Norway.

    According to Hirsch’s book, their musical touring life was abruptly halted when Hitler invaded Austria. The Captain brought his family together and said, “We are standing at the open grave of Austria.” He asked them if they wanted to stay or to leave. Despite the hardships sure to face them, they had no moral choice but to depart. Although it was a terrible blow to leave their home and all their belongings behind, when they learned that Himmler himself had taken over their house, their grief was almost unbearable.

    In 1938, Austria was annexed to Adolf Hitler’s German Empirethe Anschluss of 1938 – and unlike many Austrian aristocrats, the Von Trapps were horrified. Georg made no secret of his feelings; allegedly, the Gestapo ordered the von Trapps to display the Hakenkreuzflagge (swastika flag) for Hitler’s visit to Salzburg, but Georg replied, “I can do a better job with one of my Persian carpets.” [is this part of the movie fiction, or in Maria's book?] “Three times he refused the Nazis,” said Renaud Doucet, the director of the Sound of Music show in Vienna. Twice he refused to become the commander of a U-boat, and command of a submarine base [check]. “I have sworn my oath of loyality to only one Emperor” was his answer, and von Trapp rejected the offer.

    And then he refused to sing at Hitler’s birthday party. With that third refusal, the family realised they had to get out. They took a train and crossed into Italy, and at midnight on the same day, Hitler closed the borders.” The von Trapps later learned that Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Gestapo himself, had moved into the family home.

    Maria was pregnant with Georg Ritter von Trapp’s tenth child (her third) – Johannes, who is now president of the Trapp Family Lodge – when an offer to give a series of concerts in the United States provided their opportunity to escape.  In June 1938, in order to avoid suspicion, the family appeared to be going on one of their frequent mountain hikes. Along with their musical conductor, Rev. Franz Wasner, and secretary, Martha Zochbauer, the family left Austria for Italy in June 1938. They left only with the packs on their backs.and by train (the local stop was directly behind their estate) they went through the Austrian Alps, crossing the border to Italy. With the Baron having dual Italian and Austrian citizenship, the von Trapps first stayed in Trieste then boarded a ship [from there?] to New York in the United States. [there are three different renditions of where the boarded ship, Genova included!]

     

     

     

    —————————————–Uncorroborated story:

    When the von Trapp family fled Austria, they sold their villa to the “Missionaries of the Precious Blood” – a catholic community for men, which was founded in Italy, then spread to Austria and Germany, and today has missions in the United States and Brazil.

    The Nazis had other plans. In 1939 the Villa von Trapp became the headquarters of the infamous Heinrich Himmler, Reichsführer and head of the SS storm troopers. More than any other member of the Third Reich, Himmler was responsible for Hitler’s reign of terror inside Germany and its occupied territories. That’s him, who was one of the ” architects” of the “Final Solution,” the Nazi program for exterminating the Jews.

    Himmler’s motives for choosing the Villa von Trapp are unclear. It was he, however, who built the white wall that now surrounds the property. A servant who worked in the villa before, during and after Himmler’s time , lived to tell this story to its present owners: Himmler conscripted slave labour to build the wall, and then — probably fearing security breaches — had all of the labourers shot.

    After the war, the American military commanders (who occupied the Salzburg region) returned the ownership of the property to the von Trapp family, who again transferred it in 1948 to the “Missionaries of the Precious Blood.” The community today uses the building for provincial offices and as quarters for the Kolleg St. Josef, a facility for seminarians. The chapel, upstairs where the von Trapp children would have practiced their singing, boasts an impressive series of stained-glass windows depicting Christ’s blood dissolving the cross.

    —————————————————-end

    The von Trapp family arrived in the United States at New York in September of 1938 under six month visitors’ visas, they had their first public American concert in New York’s City Hall in December 1938. That Christmas concert brought the Trapp Family Singers national attention. Well received and reviewed, the singers performed for their audiences in traditional Austrian dress. A typical reaction to their performances was reported in the New York Times: “Their work was delightfully intimate, rhythmically secure, and, above all, expressive” (11 Dec. 1938). They then began a concert tour in Pennsylvania, and their son Johannes was born in Philadelphia in January 1939. The family traveled throughout the United States on concert tours for eight [?] months. Their US-visa expired after six months and the family was forced to leave the country. Thanks to concert invitations, however, they managed to get visas for Scandinavian countries. What began as singing engagements at weddings and birthday parties evolved to European tours to concert halls and palaces.

    When World War II broke out in September 1939, their American manager sent them tickets for the next crossing, again on a visitor’s visa, so that they could fulfill their contracts with him. Again accompanying the von Trapp family on their return voyage from Oslo, Norway, was Rev. Wasner, and Martha Zochbauer, as seen by the Ship’s Manifest.

    Under the direction of the priest, the singing turned into a profession and the family became known as “The Trapp Family Singers”. In her book Maria, Maria von Trapp describes those early days. “Overnight we had become really poor; we had become refugees. A refugee not only has no country, he also has no rights. He is a displaced person. At times he feels like a parcel which has been mailed and is moved from place to place.” But there were nine children and the tenth on the way. According to Maria, “The only thing we could do well together was sing, so we had to turn a hobby into a way of living.”

     

    Soon the Trapp Family Singers were on tour in the United States with a bus with “The Trapp Family Singers” painted on their only home during their first two years in the United States. In 1939 they discovered Stowe, Vermont. This tiny mountain hamlet reminded them of the home they left behind in Austria. They took their one thousand dollars in savings and purchased an old farmhouse on 600 acres [in 1941 or 2?], Maria named it Cor Unum meaning “One Heart”.

       

    The now famous family continued to tour the world for another 15 years but their home and hearts remained in Stowe. The family delighted in farm living. From cooking, gardening and maple sugaring to beekeeping and cross-country skiing, each found a fulfilling life on the farm.

    After World War II, the Trapp family started a musical charity organization called “Trapp Family Austrian Relief Inc.”. The family sent countless of parcels of food and clothing back to their homeland Austria.


    Photo from: http://www.trappfamily.com/history.html

    The Trapp Family Singers

    The von Trapps struggled to establish themselves as a choral singing group in the United States. They sang mostly in German, had a repertoire of difficult classical music, and dressed like refugees (?). But Maria would not let them fail. She hired a top manager and a publicist. Before long, the family singing group became quite a phenomenon. First American, and then European, audiences were impressed by the group as they performed year after year. In New York the Trapp Family Singers holiday concerts became yearly traditions.

    The group enjoyed widespread success as they sang, played instruments, and re-enacted their customs on stage. The family toured the United States, as well as Europe, even as the Western nations prepared for war. By 1940 the Trapp Family Singers consisted of Baron and Baroness von Trapp and their ten children (seven daughters and three sons).

    Agathe Whitehead’s children:

    • Rupert (1911-92) – A medical doctor until the mid-1980′s, he died at the age of 80, leaving behind six children and ten grandchildren.
    • Agathe (1913 – ) – Born in Pola, lives near Baltimore, Maryland, where she is working in a kindergarten.
    • Maria (1914 – ) – Spent 27 years as a missionary in New Guinea, now lives in Stowe, Vermont.
    • Werner (1915 – ) – [same name as uncle] After leaving the family group to become a dairy farmer, he lives in Waitsfield, Vermont, had six children and thirteen grandchildren. His daughter, Elisabeth von Trapp (see also here), musician, was born in Vermont in 1955. Her concerts are an eclectic mixture of Gregorian chant, musical comedy, country and contemporary folk. In 2001 she secured permission to sing adaptations of Robert Frost’s poetic work.
    • Hedwig (1917-72) – Worked at the lodge until her death.
    • Johanna (1919-94) – Married in 1948, she left the family group to return to Austria. She lived in Vienna and had six children.
    • Martina (1921-51 or 52?) – Sang with the group until she eloped in 1949 (?). She died in childbirth. [Some reports say she died the same year she married.].

    Maria Krutschera’s children:

    • Rosmarie (1929 – ) – Lives in Stowe, Vermont, where she is a companion for a 100-year-old woman [what year, and is this current?] who was a friend of her mother’s. She has brought music back to the von Trapp Lodge by giving recorder lessons and by leading sing-alongs.
    • Eleonore “Lorli” (1931 – ) m. Campbell: She stopped singing in 1952, married in 1954, has seven children and ten grandchildren.
    • Johannes Georg (1939 – ) – A graduate of Dartmouth, has a master’s degree in forestry from Yale, and is now president of the von Trapp Family Lodge, Inc. He has two children.

    Because they traveled so much, the children basically had to put their personal lives on hold. Every time they made a stop during a tour, Maria made all of the family visit a nunnery. A strong figure, Maria would not hear of any of the children leaving the family to strike out on their own, even after some married and had families. She also seemed torn between what she thought. She felt that God wanted her to do what she felt to be most important – which caused her to lash out at her family.

    On May 30th, 1947, Georg Ritter von Trapp passed away in Stowe, Vermont [or Boston]. He was buried in a meadow behind the family’s lodge. Nearly forty years later, Maria Augusta likewise passed away in Vermont, and she rests next to her husband in what is now the family cemetery at the Lodge. Hedwig von Trapp (1917-1972), the fifth child of Georg and Agathe von Trapp, is also interred there.

    The family breakdown

    With the loss of their patriarch, the children – now nearly all adults – started to rebel. They were tired of living on the road, and they wanted to start families and settle down. Urged by a friend, Maria von Trapp decided to write a book about the adventurous life of the Trapp family, The Story of the Trapp Family which was published in 1949. Even as the family was suffering, Maria made them sound harmonious and heroic in her book as a way to help promote the group. To her surprise, the book was a success.

     

    Even when the family was at the height of their popularity, Maria would not let them rest. The ten children toured up to eight months a year. During the summer they worked their Vermont farm and ran a music camp. They soon found out that this was not enough to support the whole family, so while they were away on tours they rented their home to skiers. (This was the begining of the von Trapp hotel business. The Trapp family first started welcoming guests to their 27-room lodge in the summer of 1950.)

    Meanwhile, the isolation of a life on the road or on the farm, combined with constant work and Maria’s volatile temper, took its toll. Rosmarie, Maria’s eldest child, suffered a nervous breakdown and her mother sent her for electro-shock therapy. Another daughter, Martina, left the group to elope in 1949, and she died in childbirth [was it that same year or in 1951 or 1952?). Before long, Maria was forced to hire non-family members for the family singing group. They continued to perform as a family around the world until 1955 (or 56?) and touring as far away as Australia.

    In 1957 (or 1956?), the Music Camp was closed and the Trapp Family Singers' twenty years of performing and touring together in over thirty countries came to an end. The children were getting married and following their own professional interests. Maria and three of the children, Maria, Rosemarie and Johannes, along with Father Wasner then traveled to the South Pacific to begin missionary work (what year?). They first went together to New Guinea. The two daughters, Maria and Rosemarie, became teachers and Johannes helped build two new schoolhouses and a church. Maria and Father Wasner were asked by the Archbishop to travel for a year throughout the islands to observe and report the needs of the people.

    The German Films (1956 and 1958)

    In 1956, Wolfgang Reinhardt (son of the famous stage director Max Reinhardt) made an offer of $10,000. By signing his offer, Maria unwillingly gave away all film rights (and the right to royalties). Not only did he make her believe she could not get any royalties from the German film - as she had meanwhile become a US citizen [insert] – but he even phoned a few weeks later asking her to accept $9,000 in cash at once. Maria needed the money and accepted.

    [Check this out - another site says that she sold the book rights to a German company for $1500!* ]

    The German film Die Trapp Familie” in 1956 and it´s sequel Die Trapp Familie in Amerika two years later became a big success not only in Germany but later also in Europe and South America.

    It was Paramount Pictures that bought the film rights [from Maria or the German company? See above note] the same year (1956). After viewing the German film, Vincent Donahue, Broadway and television director, saw a perfect role for Mary Martin, a Broadway star he had worked with earlier  in her famous role in Annie get your gun.

    The Broadway Musical (1959)

    The musical The Sound of Music won eight Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Book and Score.

    The credits:

    • Mary Martin (Maria),
    • Theodore Bikel (Baron von Trapp)
    • Music by Richard Rodgers
    • Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II
    • Book by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse

    This final collaboration between Rodgers & Hammerstein was destined to become the world’s most beloved musical.

    The story (very different from reality):

    When a postulant proves too high-spirited for the religious life, she is dispatched to serve as governess for the seven children of a widowed naval Captain. Her growing rapport with the youngsters, coupled with her generosity of spirit, gradually captures the heart of the stern Captain, and they get married.Upon returning from their honeymoon they discover that Austria has been invaded by the Nazis, who demand the Captain’s immediate service in their navy. The family’s narrow escape over the mountains to Switzerland on the eve of World War II provides one of the most thrilling and inspirational finales ever presented in the theatre.

    In the meantime Paramount had dropped the option and no longer owned the film rights, so Donahue contacted Maria in New Guinea, where she was doing missionary work. She did not answer his letters because she was not at all interested in her book being performed on Broadway. But Richard Halliday, Mary Martin´s husband and producer, did not give up and finally persuaded Maria to see his wife in Annie Get Your Gun. Maria was impressed and changed her mind. Halliday made a deal with the German producers and shared the royalties with Maria.

    Rodgers and Hammerstein wrote the music and acted as co-producers. The show had 1,443 performances, won six Tony Awards (one for Best Musical) and sold over 3 million albums. It was the filming of the story that, however, made The Sound of Music world famous, and so popular that today nearly every English speaking child is raised with its songs.

    On March 12, 1998, a revival of the Broadway musical The Sound of Music opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York. Rebecca Luker and Michael Siberry played the Georg and Maria “von Trapp and Susan H. Schulman directed.

    The Hollywood Movie (1965)]

    The first reviews of the film were extremely negative. The premiere party was like the wake of a funeral. But the initial slow business turned into a phenomenon as The Sound Of Music became the most successful film of all time in 1965, surpassing even Gone With The Wind (1939). The Hollywood Studios, including Fox, saw salvation in Musicals. Many such as Doctor Dolittle (1967) and On A Clear Day You Can See Forever (1970) lost millions of dollars. Bitter film executives who failed to cash in or who were fired because of being copycats blamed The Sound Of Music for ruining the movie business.

    One person who had a great time was Maria von Trapp who made a brief cameo in the film. She loved how Hollywood changed things. So what if in real life the Von Trapps had no problem getting out of Austria and that their real problem had been getting past American immigration? Who cared if she had lashed out at her step-children when they wanted to quit their musical careers and had felt uncomfortable all living together out of a bus for eighteen years? And the best part was the handsome young actor they got to play the Captain. When she married Georg he was “old” (47 years is old!). The marriage had been more for security than for love. When introduced to Christopher Plummer who played the Baron, the former nun shocked him by greeting him with a big kiss on the lips. “My God, darling I wished my husband looked as good as you!”

    Trapp Family Lodge

    The chalet which the family turned into a lodge burned to the ground in 1980. The future loomed before them, and they immediately planned to rebuild. The new Trapp Family Lodge is built for the future with the flavor of the past. In 1983, thirty-three years after the Trapp family started welcoming guests to their 27-room lodge on 600 acres, they opened their doors to a new 93-room resort with the same old-world charm of the original lodge, but today sprawling on 2,700 mountainside acres.

    Maria moved back to Vermont [when?] and managed the Trapp Family Lodge until her death in 1987. Her  youngest son, Johannes Georg (1939 – ) now owns and operates the Lodge.

    The present

    The surviving six children returned to Salzburg October 31 through to November 7, 2000. A British film crew of “Tyne Tees Television” recorded a documentary about the cinema success and its stars. Songs such as “The Hills are Alive” were recorded again, and scenes at the original locations were played again. The documentary “After they were famous” reported on the life stories of the six former members of the Trapp Family Singers and on their experiences and impressions during the filming in Salzburg all those years ago as well as its effects on their lives.

    Today, most of the surviving von Trapp family live down-to-earth lives in rural Vermont, except for Agathe (1913 – ) who lives near Baltimore, Maryland, where she is working in a kindergarten [and where is Eleonore?]. The fictionalized play and movie, The Sound of Music, continue to captivate audiences around the world. Apart frm the 1998 Broadway revival, every year some 500 to 600 high schools perform their versions the show. The von Trapps take pride not in The Sound of Music, but in their own music—music that they performed together as a family for almost twenty years.

    There now is a new generation of singing von Trapps, The von Trapp Children: Melanie, Amanda, and Justin von Trapp (ages 8 to 15 in 2005). They are following the musical tradition of their grandfather, Werner von Trapp (1915 – ), the fourth of Georg von Trapp’s children. The children sang to an audience of over 4,000 people in San Diego at Horizon Christian Fellowship, and are performing to enthusiastic audiences wherever they go. [See their website:  www.vontrappchildren.com]
    December 4, 1998: In Oostenrijkse klederdracht, en inmiddels bejaard, poseren de zes nog levende Von Trapp-kinderen voor de camera tijdens een ceremonie in New York. [Source]

    Book by Geor von Trapp:

    • Georg von Trapp, Do ostatniego salutu banderze
      cena: 30,00 zł
      240 stron, format: 15×21,5 cm , oprawa twarda

      Rok wydania: 2004
      Wydawnictwo: Finna Oficyna Wydawnicza
      ISBN: 83-89929-00-7 (9788389929006)

      Description:
      To jedne z najciekawszych wspomnień dotyczących pierwszej wojny światowej na morzu. Autor oddaje w nich hołd zapomnianej już dziś flocie Austro-Węgier, która znikła z mórz świata wraz z klęską monarchii w pierwszej wojnie światowej.
      Publisher: Finna, Year of edition: 204, Binding: Hardcover , Format: 15×21,5 cm, Language: polski, Number of pages: 240, ISBN: 83-89929-00-7, Category: Militaria.

    Books by Maria Augusta Trapp:

    • The story of the Trapp Family Singers (Vom Kloster zum Welterfolg). Philadelphia, Lippincott 1949
    • Around the year with the Trapp family, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1952, New York, Pantheon 1955
    • A family on wheels: further adventures of the Trapp family singers, co-written with Ruth T. Murdoch. Philadelphia, Lippincott, c1959.
    • Yesterday, Today and Forever: The Religious Life of a Remarkable Family. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1952
    • Maria. Carol Stream, Ill., Creation House [1972]
    • Let me tell you about my savior. Green Forest, AR : New Leaf Press, c2000

    Books by others:

    • Agathe von Trapp, Agathe: Memories Before and After the Sound of Music,

    • William Anderson, The World of the von Trapp Family, Kyuryudo Publishing Company, Japan (Year?)

    • Candice F. Ransom, Maria Von Trapp: Beyond the Sound of Music, Trailblazer Biographies

    See also:

    Sources:

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Filed under: General,VIAJES

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    6 Comentarios.

    • Muy estimada señora, Austria, país que tantos vínculos tiene con España, ex Imperio y hoy minúsculo país sin duda bellísimo y con solera.
      Sin lugar a duda Austria sigue siendo grande por el peso de su historia y sus magníficos monumentos.
      La dinastía de los Austrias que rigió con honor los destinos de nuestra patria hasta que lamentáblemente murió sin descendencia Carlos II, entronizándose una dinastía de la que mas vale no comentar nada.
      La película, sin duda, extraordinaria, bellísima.
      En fin, espero algún dia poder ir a dicho país.
      Doña Ana, un saludo.

    • RepTaledgerge dice:

      Just testing to behold if your comment fuctinon works, mine doesnt!

    • Gustavo Emmanuel Trapp dice:

      È isso ae…muito legal a história…nota 10.!!!
      Em Breve darei noticias…

    • alfpeter dice:

      Estimada,
      Justamente estamos muestrando fotos de una estadia en la Villa Trapp en Salzburg a una tia. Gracias por todos comentarios y fotos. Todavia hoy la pelicula con la historia de la familia von Trapp atrae muchisima gente, mismo nascidos bien despues de producida la peliculka con Julie Andrews. Para mi la pelicula mismo si no narra la historia familiar al pie de la letra esta una traducción perfecta para sobre todo la mentalidad y los conocimientos historicos de EstadoUnidenses. Me sorprendió que otro viajero aleman que encontramos en la grande mesa comun de desayuno (20 lugares en una mesa !) nunca tenia escuchado hablar de la famila Trapp, encontró hospedaje en la Villa Trapp via Internet pero ahora comienza interesarse. Vale la pena visitar por una o mas noches esta proriedad hermosa y descubrir lugares de filmaje de ahí. Saludos de Viena
      alfpeter

    • adolfo azcona dice:

      esta fue , es y sera la historia real mas impresionante que ningun novelista podra crear jamas.el amor rompe todo molde creado por el hombre ojala algun dia podria ir a conoser ese lugar donde el amor triunfo. el film logro los premios de la academia pero estoy seguro que se quedaron cortos pues es imposible plasmar en la pelicula lo que la familia VON TRAPP vivio

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