20 nov 08

- Edificio precedido de una escalinata y un peristilo soportado por dos o tres columnas que daba paso a una sala más larga que profunda, a través de la cual se pasaba a otra mayor. Su nombre derivaría de1l cananeo hallon, ventana. http://www.bu.edu/anep/Ir.html

15th and 13th centuries bc, show some characteristically Syrian features. Wooden-pillared porticoes at the entry to reception suites mark the development of a standard palace unit, known as a bit hilani, generally adopted some centuries later by the Syro-Hittites (see art and architecture, Anatolian: Hittite period). Basalt orthostats, as yet unsculptured, anticipated those of the…in art and architecture, Anatolian: Hittite period )

…columned portico, a long reception room, with an

 

adjoining staircase to the roof, and a varying number of retiring rooms (see art and architecture, Syro-Palestinian). A striking example of these bit hilani is the Kaparu Palace at Tall Ḥalaf, near the source of the Khābūr River. The almost barbaric array of sculpture shows the city to have been predominantly Aramaean..

EARLY IRON II PALACES: The Hilani house with its pillared portico, central court and subsidiary rooms some with stairways occurs at a number of sites (Megiddo 1723, 6000) and is one form of large house structure that can be cited from the so-called royal cities in Judah and Israel. Some scholars conclude that this house style may be the type of construction of Solomon’s palace.

 

IRON II PALACES: A different palace style found at Ramat Rahel and Samaria, the royal palace, may be an alterative plan for Solomon’s palace. These royal (?) complexes are surrounded by casemate wall system. Other special features of the such sites are: ashlar construction, Proto-Aeolic capitals (ANEP 800 – Ramat Rahel), banisters with palmette pillars with volute capitals (ANEP 799 balustrades from Ramat Rahel). Proto-Aeolic capitals also have been uncovered at Hazor (St. VIII), Jerusalem and Megiddo.

Reich, Ronny. "Palaces and Residences in the Iron Age,"
     The Architecture of Ancient Israel. (Jerusalem, 1992), 
     pp. 202-222.

A rather unique fortress/residence complex at Lachish has no known parallels. This large, monumental structure shows continual rebuilding through most of Iron II.

Kempinski, Aharon. “Middle and Late Bronze Age Fortifications,”
     The Architecture of Ancient Israel. (Jerusalem, 1992),
     pp. 127-142.

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