16 nov 08


Eye idol, 3500–3100 B.C.; middle–late Uruk period
Excavated at Tell Brak, northeastern Syria
Alabaster (gypsum); H. 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm)
Joint Expedition of the British Museum and the British School of Archaeology in Iraq
Gift of The Colt Archaeological Institute Inc., 1988 (1988.323.8)
This type of figurine, made of stone and having incised eyes, has been excavated at Tell Brak, where thousands were found in a building now called the Eye Temple. Many are incised with multiple sets of eyes, others with jewelry, and still others with representations of “children”—smaller eyes and body carved on the body of the larger idol. The idols are thought to be offerings—wide eyes demonstrate attentiveness to the gods in much Mesopotamian art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York

Para más información: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/intro/atr/03sm.htm


Mesopotamia arcaica (presumeria)


Halaf (5500-4500 B.C. North Mesopotamia-Syria)

  1. Halaf period pottery plate from Arpachiyah, upper Mesopotamia. Ca. 5000 B.C. (London: British Museum). One of many small cultures of Northern Iraq and Turkey that were loosely in communication with each other.
  2. Stone figurine without arms and legs. Arpachiya, from upper Tigris, c. 5000 B.C. British Museum. The northern figure style was heavy.
  3. Terracotta Halaf female figurine from Chagar Bazar, c. 5000 B.C. The exagerrated female characteristics suggest the object served some religious purpose. Paint traces suggest arm and leg jewellery or decoration and a loin cloth. Breasts seem to be painted or tattood (British Museum).

Al-`Ubaid (6-4th millenium, South Mesopotamia)

  1. Two terracotta female heads, from Tell al-`Ubaid and from ??. ca. 4500 B.C. The culture, named after the al `Ubaid type site, arose from the earliest settlement of the southern alluvial flood plain in the late 6th millenium. After spreading out in the 5th millenium to displace the Halaf culture in the North, it lasted to at least 4000 B.C.
  2. Ubaid terracotta figurine from Ur, c. 4500 B.C., of a woman suckling a child. Painted jewelery, body paint or tattoos. Slim figure (in contrast to the North), elongated head and protruding eyes characterize the Ubaid figure style.
  3. Baked clay male figurine from an Ubaid grave at Eridu. Decoration or tattoos from shoulder to shoulder used by men and women. Southern Ubaid figure style (Iraq Museum, Baghdad).
  4. These pots, found at al `Ubaid type site itself (British Museum, UK), are typical of last phase of Ubaid pottery found throughout much of Mesopotamia, including Uruk.

Uruk Era (mid 4th to late 3rd mill. B.C., South Mesopotamia)


¿Ya son sumerios ?

  1. Both sides of a limestone tablet from Kish. c. 3500 B.C. (Dept. Antiquities, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK). Included in this earliest example of pictographs is the sign for head, hand, foot, a threshing sledge and numbers.
  2. Administrative clay tabled of c. 3000 B.C. The deep circles and cresents are numbers. The rest are pictographs representing high necked jars etc. A simple enumeration. Not until 2600 do we see tablets that are truely writing having grammar and author individuation.
  3. Ruin of ziggurat of E-anna at Uruk. Uruk chronology is based on the pottery styles found in a 20-meter deep pit dug at this sacred site.
  4. Handmade painted pottery from tombs at Eridu (Iraq Museum, Baghdad). Dark geometric designs on light ground typifies Ubaid Levels XVIII-XIV. The piece at lower right is in the early style.
  5. Marble head of woman from Uruk. Originally the eyes and eyebrows had colored inlays, and the head was perhaps placed on a wooden body.

Jemdet Nasr (late 4th mill., South Mesopotamia)

  1. Wheel-turned painted pottery from Jemdet Nasr that indicate Iranian connections. Polychrome geometric designs in black and plum are characteristic of the period. The shapes often derive from metalware (Asmholean Museum, Oxford).
  2. Pottery jar of Jemdat Nasr type. It was found in the al’ Ain region of the United Arab Emirates, which attests to contacts between Mesopotamia and Oman peninsula – an important source of copper. Ca. 3000 B.C. (London: British Museum).


Filed under: H. Próximo Oriente

Trackback Uri

Dejar un comentario

Debe identificarse para escribir un comentario.